After his voyage to the New World in 1492, which included extended visits to the Dominican Republic and Cuba, Christopher Columbus is widely credited with introducing tobacco to Europe. The Taino, a seafaring people indigenous to Cuba, the Bahamas, and the Greater and Lesser Antilles, smoked a relatively primitive form of cigar, consisting of dried and twisted tobacco leaves rolled in either plaintain, palm or tobacco leaves. With the help of Columbus, the Conquistadors, Sir Walter Raleigh, and other explorers, cigar smoking spread across the globe.
Around the turn of the 20th century, there were over 80,000 cigar-making operations in the U.S., most small, family businesses where cigars were sold almost immediately after they were rolled. Cigars are yet one more area of common interest between the American and the Cuban people. While I do NOT know how many cigar-making operations there are in Cuba today, there are probably more than anyone thinks, for sure, given how industrious are the Cuban people and how plentiful is the very fine tobacco crop. Please see my first post, dated November 21, 2013, on the Gonzales Family in Vinales as evidence that the “field to table” tradition of cigar-making still exists in Cuba today.
In the early days, many believed that cigars and other forms of tobacco had important medicinal qualities. While this belief has been largely debunked and replaced with some health warnings (even Fidel Castro may have given up smoking in the 1980s as part of a campaign to encourage the Cuban population to smoke less for health reasons), many Cubans, Americans, and Europeans continue to share a passion for the cigar. And, most agree that Cuban cigars from Cuban tobacco leaf from the Terroir of the Pinar del Rio Province are the world’s finest cigars–be they Cohiba, Montecristo, Partagas, Punch, Romeo y Julieta, San Cristobal, or H. Upmann.
U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant was reported to have smoked between 10 and 20 cigars per day. Sigmund Freud smoked 20 cigars per day, and Winston Churchill, who began the practice of dunking his cigars in port wine or brandy, was rarely seen without a cigar in his mouth–except for that wonderful portrait made by Yousef Karsh, where Churchill is at the very least scowling and probably down right hostile after Karsh removed a Cuban cigar from Churchill’s mouth, just before capturing perhaps the most famous image of Churchill.
No one knows the daily consumption of famed U.S. photographers Jay Maisel and Arthur Meyerson, but both men can be seen regularly with a cigar hanging out of their mouth while their eyes are carefully focusing through their Nikon viewfinders.
In Cuba, during the early days of the Revolution, Fidel Castro and Che Guevara could regularly be seen smoking a cigar. Even their nemesis, U.S. President John F. Kennedy was a fan of Cuban cigars, and is reported to have asked his Press Secretary and fellow cigar smoker Pierre Salinger to obtain “at least 1000 Petit Upmanns,” shortly before he put in place the Embargo on Cuban products in February, 1962.
There are scores of other famous (and not-so famous) people who are regular cigar smokers, including Jack Benny, Milton Berle, Archie Bunker, George Burns, Bill Clinton, Colombo, Bill Cosby, Clint Eastwood, Alfred Hitchcock, Groucho Marx, Jack Nicholson, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Mark Twain, and Bruce Willis.
And, while cigar smoking has long had an association of being a male “rite de passage” as well as a sexist practice in the 19th century where men would retire after dinner to a “smoking chamber” to consider and discuss serious issues of the day, the enjoyment of a good cigar is certainly not limited to the male sex: